What is Dyslexia?

What is Dyslexia

Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that primarily impacts an individuals challenges with words when reading, spelling, and effectively communicating. It is important to note, these challenges are not a result of low intelligence, inadequate education, poor eyesight, or diminished mental capacity. 

Instead, Dyslexia is primarily a brain-based condition that affects the processing of language and can vary in severity and signs from person to person. This condition often persists from childhood into adulthood, requiring ongoing strategies and support to manage its impact on daily life.

Key Points to Remember

  • Dyslexia is not a vision problem; it does not cause letter and number reversals or any other visual issues.
  • Dyslexia is not a disease and can not be cured and it’s not something that can be outgrown.
  • Effective Orton-Gillingham methods are crucial for individuals with profound and severe Dyslexia.
  • The characteristics and severity of Dyslexia vary from person to person.
  • Dyslexia is hereditary; however, frequently, the older generation was not aware that they had dyslexia or concealed their struggles. Thus, you may need to observe the signs to trace the family’s lineage.
  • Dyslexia can affect daily life beyond academics, including spatial orientation, communication, and following complex instructions.
  • Your child can be a proficient or prolific readers, and still be Dyslexic
  • Intelligence does not factor into being dyslexic; most dyslexics have average or above-average intelligence.
  • Dyslexic individuals may have difficulties in various learning areas, such as memorizing multiplication facts, and may benefit more from understanding concrete concepts than memorization.
  • Dyslexic individuals develop coping mechanisms and find beneficial tools over time.
  • The severity of one’s Dyslexia influences the challenge of developing these strategies.

What are some common signs of Dyslexia?

  • Age-appropriate verbal abilities, while reading skills below the expected age level
  • Struggles to find the right words or responses to questions
  • Memory challenges with sequencing
  • Inability to sound out unfamiliar words
  • Difficulty with spelling sight words
  • Takes an unusually long time to complete reading or writing tasks
  • Proficiency in math until encountering word problems
  • Difficulty processing and comprehending spoken language
  • Late in selecting a dominant hand or ambidextrous.
  • Occasional reversal of letters and/or numbers when reading or writing.

What Does Reversal of Letters & Numbers Have to Do with Dyslexia?

While some individuals with Dyslexia may reverse letters and numbers, this is often linked to Scotopic Syndrome or visual impairments and isn’t a direct symptom of Dyslexia. Many individuals eperience both Dyslexia and one or both of these vision issues. If these reversals are frequent or continue beyond the third grade, it’s advisable to seek guidance from a Vision Therapist or visit irlen.com.

Are There Similar Neurodiversities Associated with Dyslexia?

Yes, there are indeed similar learning differences associated with Dyslexia. These differences can include difficulties in:

  • Writing (Dysgraphia) – is a learning disability impacting handwriting and spelling due to motor skill challenges.
  • Math (Dyscalculia) – is a learning disability that affects a person’s ability to understand and work with numbers and mathematical concepts.
  • Auditory Processing Delay – is a condition affecting sound comprehension and language processing.
  • Scotopic/Iren Syndrome – is a perceptual disorder affecting the way the brain processes visual information.
  • Autism – is a complex neurodevelopmental condition affecting social interaction, communication, and behavior.
  • ADHD (Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder) – is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by difficulties with attention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity.
  • Executive Functioning – refers to a set of mental skills that help with tasks like organization, planning, memory, and time management.

Can Dyslexic Students Be Taught Using the Traditional Methods?

Dyslexic students frequently face challenges in keeping up with their peers in a traditional classroom. It’s important to note that individuals with mild dyslexia can often cope, but the more severe it is, the harder it becomes for them to learn with a traditional approach. At 3D Learning Experts, we employ Orton-Gillingham-based methods and multisensory techniques, which have proven effective in helping our students progress by 2-3 grade levels within a year.

Why is Dyslexia Intervention Important?

Starting Dyslexia intervention at an early age can help prevent academic and emotional issues that often occur. However, intervention at any age is beneficial, and older students grasp the information in a shorter time than younger students. Substantial evidence indicates that a child’s ability to learn to read is closely tied to their self-concept and mental well-being. When children do not receive appropriate reading intervention, they often face long-lasting academic and life-long emotional challenges throughout their lives.

Are Accommodations & Interventions the Same?

No, they are not. While accommodations, like extended test times, can enhance academic performance, it’s important to note that intervention focuses on teaching the student using alternative learning methods. Accommodations alone cannot teach a child to read or spell and may not be required for everyone.

Schedule A Consultation

Schedule a free consultation today to find out how 3D Learning Experts can help you and your smart student struggling in school.

Scroll to Top